Ingrown Nails

Usually affecting the large toe, however the lesser toes can be affected as well. It occurs when a splinter of the nail or the whole nails starts to grow into the flesh of the toe. This can become infected and painful. Ingrown toe nails can occur both acute; happening from trauma or improper nail cutting, and chronic; likely an ongoing problem.

Fungal Nails

Otherwise known as onychomycosis, is a very unsightly condition that can be hard to treat. The nail becomes infected by fungal spores and it can progress until it affects the nail root (matrix) causing the nail to grow thick. Fungal toe nails can appear with white or yellow patches or streaks in the nail, thick, crumbly, and sometimes has an odour.

Difficult Nails

Nails may become thickened for many reasons ranging from trauma, infection, poor circulation, and aging. The nail can place immense pressure on the nail bed underneath from footwear and are difficult to cut on your own.

Involuted Nails

This is when the nail develops a curved or curling inward shape. The nail pinches the skin underneath and becomes painful from footwear or just the pressures from standing.


Corns are small, localized areas of thickened skin that develops into a core. Corns can become very painful from standing or tight fitting shoes. They can develop on top of the toes, on the soles of the feet, or in between the toes.


Callus is thickened and hard skin due to friction or pressure on the feet. They are commonly present over bony prominences on the feet, such as the ball of the foot or the heel. They appear yellowish in colour.

Fissures/Cracked heels

Cracked skin on the heels is commonly referred to as a fissure. The skin becomes hard and callused; it can split from pressure on the feet. When the fissures are deep they can cause bleeding and pain.
Plantar warts

Plantar warts are very stubborn lesions caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). They are commonly appearing on the soles of the feet and on the toes. Warts can appear similar to corns and they are often mistaken for one another. Warts, otherwise known as veruccae, are usually asymptomatic (painless) however they are inclined to spread to other areas of the feet and the hands.
Diabetic foot care

It is very important for all diabetics to have their feet checked by a chiropodist on a regular basis. Diabetics can suffer with loss of circulation and sensations, and decreased resistance to infection. In severe cases, people with diabetes can be at risk for toe, foot, or leg amputation from a variety of foot complaints.

This is a sore on the skin accompanied by the breakdown of surrounding tissue. This typically affects people with diabetes or circulation problems.
Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot is a term given to a fungal infection of the skin; often occurring, but not limited to, between the toes. This can be itchy and appear red, swollen, and dry; but may also appear macerated (soggy).
Achilles Tendinitis

The Achilles tendon is a continuation of the two calf muscles in the back of your leg and attaches into the back of the heel bone. This tendon can become inflamed and painful often brought on from injury or activity.
Plantar Fasciitis/Heel pain/Heel spurs

This is one of the most common complaints seen by a chiropodist. Most pain is localized to the heel area and tends to be worse first thing in the morning or after a period of rest. It is caused by inflammation from the overuse of the plantar fascia; a non-elastic band of tissue in the bottom of the foot. The fascia begins to tear off its insertion at the bottom of the heel bone. Spurs occur at the attachment of the fascia to the bone and are asymptomatic on their own, often being the result of plantar fasciitis.
Flat Feet

Flat feet, or Pes Planus, occur in people who don’t have a normal arch in one or both of their feet. The middle of their foot can be in complete contact with the ground when they are standing and the foot rolls inward. This is often caused by genetics and can lead to many related problems if left untreated.
Knee, Leg, and Back pain

Your feet are the foundation of your body. If there is a problem with the alignment of your foundation then all the structures resting on your feet can pain because of them. Your foot structure may be the cause of aches your feel in your body.

A bunion is a bump on the side of the foot at the base of the big toe although they can occur at the base of the small toe as well (bunionette). These are caused by a displacement of the bones in the feet. Bunions are a very common and painful deformity. Poor fitting footwear and genetic factors cause bunions to develop. Corns, callus, ingrown toe nails, and arthritis can develop.